APA GUIDELINES FOR THE REFERENCES PAGE

REFERENCES
PSYCHOLOGY OF CODES 13
REFERENCES PAGE TITLE The title “References” should be centered but not underlined, italicized, boldfaced, or punctuated.
HANGING INDENT Use a hanging indent for the entries longer than one line.
Indent 1/2’’ from the set margins, after the first line of each entry.
References
Asay, R. (1978). How the Romans made war. Journal of Military
History, 23, 345-357.
Frank, S. & Frank, T. (2001). The man who invented the military.
New York: Nerd Press.
Powers, T., & Gregory, A. (1954). The psychological executioners.
London: Oxford UP.
Wilson, F. (1987, May 5). Newspaper classifieds contain secret codes. Daily News, pp. F1, F9.
Zagar, R. (1998). Leaving Cambridge. In T. Roger (Ed.), Rommel:
The Man (pp. 123-134). New York: Harcourt and Brace.
REFERENCES
List only the works you have
used, not everything you read. For help with citing different sources, consult http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/02/
ALPHABETICAL ORDER
Arrange entries in alphabetical
order by author’s last name. Use the author’s initials for the first and middle names.
GUIDELINES FOR THE REFERENCES PAGE
In addition to citing sources within the text, APA requires a References page. The following guidelines will help you to correctly format some of the most commonly used sources. For further information, consult http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/02/ Remember the following as you cite sources for APA:
_ Article titles should not be italicized or put in quotation marks.
_ When referring to books, chapters, articles, or Web pages, capitalize only the first letter of the first
word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns. Do
not capitalize the first letter of the second word in a hyphenated compound word.
BOOK BY A SINGLE AUTHOR
Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year). Book title. Location: Publisher.
Wilson, F. R. (1998). The Hand: How Its Use Shapes the Brain, Language, and Human Culture. New York: Pantheon.
BOOK BY TWO OR MORE AUTHORS
Last name, First initial. Middle initial., Last name, First initial. Middle initial., & Last name, First initial.
Middle initial. (Year). Book title. Location: Publisher.
Mazzeo, J., Druesne, B., Raffeld, P. C., Checketts, K. T., & Muhlstein, A. (1991). Comparability of computer and paper-and-pencil scores for two CLEP general examinations. Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service.
Style Guides APA Format
NOTE: When there is more than one author, use an ampersand symbol (&) before the last author. If a reference has more than seven authors, use the first six authors’ names, and then use ellipses after the sixth author’s name. After the ellipses, list the last author’s name of the work.
EDITED BOOK
Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Ed.). (Year). Book title. Location: Publisher.
Feldman, P. R. (Ed.). (1997). British women poets of the romantic era. Baltimore: Johns
Hopkins UP.
NOTE: If there is no author, treat an editor as the author, and put the abbreviation “Ed.” in parentheses. Use “Eds.” if there is more than one editor.
EDITION OTHER THAN THE FIRST
Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year). Book title (Edition number). Location: Publisher.
Helfer, M. E., Kempe, R. S., & Krugman, R. D. (1997). The battered child (5th ed.). Chicago, IL:
University of Chicago Press.
ARTICLE OR CHAPTER IN AN EDITED BOOK
Last name, First initial. Middle initial., & Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year). Title of chapter. In
A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Location: Publisher.
O’Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men’s and women’s gender role journeys: Metaphor for healing,
transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York, NY: Springer.
ARTICLE IN A REFERENCE BOOK
Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year). Article title. In Book title (Volume number, pages). Location: Publisher.
Bergmann, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The new encyclopedia Britannica (Vol. 26, pp. 501- 508).
Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica.
ARTICLE IN A JOURNAL
Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year). Title of article. Journal Title, Volume(Issue), pages.
Craner, P. M. (1991). New Tool for an Ancient Art: The Computer and Music. Computers and the
Humanities, 25, 303-313.
ARTICLE IN A MAGAZINE
Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year, Month Day). Article title. Magazine Title, Volume, pages.
Mehta, P. B. (1998, June 6). Exploding myths. New Republic, 290, 17-19.
ARTICLE IN A NEWSPAPER
Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year, Month Day). Article title. Newspaper Title, pages.
Schwartz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, pp.
A1, A4.
ARTICLE RETRIEVED FROM AN ELECTRONIC DATABASE
Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year). Article title. Journal Title, Volume, pages. Retrieved Month
Day, Year, from Database title database.
VandenBos, G., Knapp, S., & Doe, J. (2001). Role of reference elements in the selection of resources by psychology undergraduates. Journal of Bibliographic Research, 5, 117-123. Retrieved July 2,
2004 from PsycINFO database.
Style Guides APA Format
REPORT FROM A PRIVATE ORGANIZATION, AVAILABLE ON ORGANIZATION WEBSITE
Organization name. (Year, Month Day). Title. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from complete web address
Canarie, Inc. (1997, September 27). Towards a Canadian health IWAY: Vision, opportunities and future steps. Retrieved November 8, 2000, from http://www.canarie.ca/press/publications
/pdf/health/healthvision.doc
PERSONAL INTERVIEW OR COMMUNICATION
Since exact information gathered through personal communication is not retrievable, only cite personal
communication in text. Include the person’s initials and last name and the exact date of contact. (T. T. Williams, personal communication, April 14, 2002)
WEB DOCUMENT, PAGE, OR REPORT
Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Date of publication). Title of document. Retrieved from full URL.
Angeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderland, L., & Brizee, A. (2010, May
5). General format. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/
Source: The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. (2008). Retrieved from
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/